1. The second flattener is a combination of devices that ended up creating the world wide web. Back when the internet was first created, extreme computer knowlege was needed to find information. In the 90s a scientist Tim Berners-lee created what is now known as HTML, which let authors make links that helped them share information. The release of the first netscape in 1994, meant that everyone can see the same information on any device. They also had advances in email data transmition and file transpher. In '95, netscape was sent out into the public when they began selling it in the open market. According to Friedman, this date recognizes the start of the "dot com bubble". Many people think that because the bubble burst in 2000 it's a faliure. But the growth of the bubble in the 90s lead to the many miles of fiberoctic cable, which was layed out and carried tons more information than the copper wires inside cable lines. The bursting of the bubble left us with a super highway, resulting in high speed which is now inexpensive.
Google was founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Bin. In 1999, Google began selling advertisements assossiated with search keywords. In 2006, Google bought property from SGI for $319 million. Google has been put into Webster's dictonary as a verb. Today, google is the number one visited search engine in the world.
Advertising: Google is selling ads at cheaper prices and tell the advertiser who they are reaching with those ads and charge them only when they click. Google News is allowing people to get away from the costs of printed newspapers and distribution costs.
Globalization: Many technogloies improve globalization by making people and things in distant or remote areas acessible to one another. Google helps this because it lepts people look up infomation faster, we can look up another countires social status and infomation by just one click of a button. Google earth also helps becaused it allows people to see and better understand the earth. it allows anyone to pick up a mouse and see a street or building on the the other side of the world without leaving their bedroom or office. Google also helps us search for websites that will allow us to buy and ship things from across the world to our home address.
#3) Free Workflow Software
Free workflow software was developed to allow people from around the world to collaborate and work together on jobs and projects. Free workflow software began in 1989. The workflow software has the ability of machines to talk to other machines with no humans involved. This type of workflow software saves time and is very efficient. The machines can carry on routines and tasks such as data entry and e-mail filtering. These machines can help eliminate many steps that humans would have to do and avoid human errors. They can help record information such as payment and delivery of products or services. Workflow software improves customer service and keeps a very consistent process throughout its tasks. With this software humans from all over the world can communicate in a much easier and cheaper way. Instead of writing and mailing letters, humans can send emails with a click of a button. Emailing is free and super quick. With this type of software humans can attach anything from links to pictures to an email and send it straight to another human in a matter of minutes. Free workflow software is the future.
Friedman’s 3rd flattener, workflow software, contributes to the rise of globalization. Since globalization is the way that people all over the world are unified into a single market, workflow software better helps to connect the world. With the creation of different ways to transmit data, communication has gotten a lot easier. For example, an executive in the United States could give a business brief to a country in China without even having to be face to face. Being able to send important documents without human interference is a more efficient way of business. The creation of workflow software made a platform for all different ways to communicate.
This flattener is used in our everyday life, and we may not even realize it. With the creation of workflow software, many different internet codes and standards were invented. One example is the HTML code. All of the data stored in a computer is written in this code in order for other computers to access it. Another example is the HTTP address. This is also a standard in which data is written in order for users to communicate and allow information to travel across the internet. Paypal is another example. Paypal is an online bank, for the most part. Payments, deposits, and transactions can be completed without any human interaction.
More countries are becoming more dependent on each other because some countries are becoming better at specific areas than other countries. Some companies may have a certain go-to priority but will always have other companies on the side because of in sourcing. In sourcing became more mainstream around 2008. In sourcing became popular because it’s a money saving process run by most companies. They’re now looking for employees with extra training and the ones that already have skill in order to work. In sourcing first became popular because they didn’t want to hire new people and would rather teach their current employees new skills. This could allow employees to advance their skills within their current job saving the company money rather than paying another person to work that job.
1) Nike- shoe salesman can also be clothing salesman rather than hiring two different people
2) Engineers - an in-house engineer would write a technical manual rather than sending them to an outside technical writing film
3) Apple- an apple company worker could sell the product like computers, ipods, phones, ipads and also fix them as well
6) Freidman’s sixth flattener is offshoring. Offshoring is a type of outsourcing that involves the relocation of a company's business process or processes to a foreign country. In the developed world, moving jobs out of the country dates to at least the 1960s and has continued since then. It was characterized primarily by the transferring of factories from the developed to the developing world. This offshoring and closing of factories has caused a structural change in the developed world from an industrial to a post-industrial service society. During the 20th century, the decreasing costs of transportation and communication crossed with great disparities on pay rates made increased offshoring from wealthier countries to less wealthy countries financially feasible for many companies. Further, the growth of the Internet, particularly fiber-optic intercontinental long haul capacity, and the World Wide Web reduced "transportation" costs for many kinds of information work to near zero. With the development of the Internet, many new categories of work such as call centres, computer programming, reading medical data such as X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging, medical transcription, income tax preparation, and title searching are being offshored. Before the 1990s, Ireland was one of the poorest countries in the EU. Because of Ireland's relatively low corporate tax rates, US companies began offshoring of software, electronic, and pharmaceutical intellectual property to Ireland for export. This helped create a high-tech "boom" and which led to Ireland becoming one of the richest EU countries.
Globalization is the process or processes of international integration and connection. Offshoring contributes to the interconnecting of the world because it involves strong, developed nations transferring jobs and industries to foreign weaker and developing countries because it is cheaper to produce there. This helps gain relations between countries and makes them closer together as one unit. It helps connect them and helps them work together as a unified power, connecting several nations.
There are several examples of offshoring that exists in the world today, but here are a few that stand out because of the large scale success of the offshoring plan:
1. the manufacture of electronic components in Costa Rica, production of apparel, toys, and consumer goods in China, Vietnam etc.
2. IBM continues building its global sourcing model and add thousands of jobs in India and China with as many as 4,730 programming positions moving offshore.
3. American Express opened a 137,000-foot global service center in India that employs several hundred professionals.
I accidently posted this under the 99% thingy... but here it is!
I meant to include a picture in there... Here's the new link:
actually the link is the same, but whatever, here!
5. Outsourcing at its simplest is when a company or individual delegate some of its specific tasks to another individual who is not their direct employee, or another company. The individual or the company receives monetary compensation in exchange for the services rendered. The idea of outsourcing is not new. It started way back in the 1700s when manufacturers started shifting the manufacture of goods to countries with cheaper labor during the Industrial Revolution. Outsourcing helps globalization by allowing business to interact economically with others. It also helps the “interconnecting” of the world by allowing countries to expand their economies which in turn would increase trade and domestic affairs.
1) Drive-Through Order Talking: For example, a 2006 New York Times story reporting on the new practice found that an employee at a California-based McDonald’s call center took orders from Hawaii, Mississippi, and Wyoming in just two minutes.
2) Video Gaming: There are players (known in some circles as “gold farmers”) in Chinese gaming factories whose sole purpose is to accrue points and game currency so that others can buy it off of them with real money. The buyers then use that game money to buy weapons and other items necessary to play the game as successfully and lazily as possible.
3) Running Errands: That’s why India-based companies like GetFriday and Brickwork offer a team of assistants who take care of the little tasks you don’t have the time or energy for—and do it for a much lower fee than what you’d pay an in-person assistant.
3. The second flattener...
Examples of how it has affected the world:
1. The "dot com bubble" burst in 2000, and this had many negative affects mostly because of the selling of stock
2. Corperations involved in the "dot com bubble" went publicly bankrupt
3. This has lead to a large amount of information about fiber optic cables and because of this, their are larger amounts of space for information then their perviously was
#1) The collapse of the Berlin wall
Why it happened
Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in the Soviet Union in 1985 and tried to make changes in the state bureaucracy and in the Communist party by reconstructing the economy’s production and distribution system. This contributed to the breakup of the USSR and led some states to declare independence.
Politics in Germany also led toward the destruction of the wall. All of the members from the East German cabinet resigned due to antigovernment demonstrations.
The new Prime minister, Hans Morow, announced that there was a plan to decentralize the economy and an easing of travel restrictions.(This allowed the East Germans, from the communist sector, to cross the border into the west, the Allied sector.)
East Germany began to reform
Then on November 9, 1989, the leader of the East Berlin communist party, Gunter Schabowski, announced that the boarder with West Berlin would be opened for "private trips abroad."
When and Where it happened
The collapse of the Berlin wall took place on November 9th, 1989 in Berlin, Germany after the leader of East Berlin’s communist party announced that the boarder with West Berlin would be opened for "private trips abroad."
Importance to the rise of globalization
The United States was able to profit from its imperialist exploitation of other countries, while socialism could only lose economically in that competition. The Berlin Wall collapsed as Soviet consumers turned to imports to satisfy their needs. The Collapse of the Berlin Wall contributed to the “interconnecting” of the world because The Soviet Union could not buy goods made in the Soviet Union, because all of them were used for military procurement. There were no longer quality goods to export in order to balance imports. They had to rely on other countries to make the certain good they were not able to produce. The Soviet Union had to increase their trade relations and have a better relationship with other countries.
The collapse of the Berlin wall brought East and West Germany together as one.
How it affects the world today
Economic factors were linked to political and psychological factors. A Soviet economist said, "the gloomy background of the worsening market situation ... has a depressing effect on people." Their gloom deepened as a result of policy failures such as the explosion of the Chernobyl atomic power plant and the war in Afghanistan.
There was propaganda warfare that was carried out in the West. This is carried out today in the Occupy Wall Street movement through protesting on posters and speeches during public gathering.
This “flattener” has affected the world in a positive and negative way. It affected it negative, by resulting in the tragic events above. Positive, by teaching nations that they can be brought together as one.
1. The rise of this “flattener”, like most other products in this world was due to popularity. Some of these products had been out for nearly 5 years before someone big discovered it and convinced everyone else to get one too. Thus starts the chain of a growing demand for this “flattener”.
2. Cell phones are a big factor in the rise of globalization because they allow us fast and easy connection with one another. Instead of having to mail somebody across the country and waiting weeks and weeks for messages to come back and forth, you can just make a phone call that instantly connects you with the person you wish to speak to. Then all business management can be done right then and there which drastically speeds up the process and makes a business more promising.
3. A real world example would be an iPod. Everyday you see a kid walking down the street with an iPod or maybe even an iPhone and they are great devices. They can basically manage a person’s whole life within this little frame. Another real world example, as stated above, is a cell phone. Cell phones make it possible for people to communicate while outside of his or her home, and they make it possible to communicate with people on the other side of the world. A final example is having a 'work' phone and a 'house' phone. It helps keep work and family matters private and seperate.
#2 Netscape goes public
When Netscape went public, it allowed everyone access to the internet. The internet allowed for many things to happen. People were allowed to voice their opinions to a wide variety of people and suddenly communicating was no issue whatsoever. The world wide web allows you to transfer text and even video in a matter of seconds to someone half way across the world. It also helped for the distributing of information. There are trillions of documents on the internet of about anything you would want to learn about. The variety of the web also helps businesses by having their websites viewed by many potential customers. This was the awakening of globalization.
Our flattener plays an important role in the rise in globalization in many ways. Without the tenth flattener, we would not be able to communicate with other people around the world. These personal digital devices that are explained in our flattener are all different ways that people can meet people from across the world. Everybody at least has a cell phone these days, and each person is capable of video chatting with someone via FaceTime, Skype, etc. The internet is another great example of why there is a rise in globalization. Each person, or almost everybody, has a computer at their house. Computers allow access to pretty much any information that is needed. Whether a person needs to know about a crisis on the other side of the world, or an accident that happened in their home town, they will always be able to find it via the internet. The world is truly transforming into an interconnecting world where nothing is very secretive or private anymore. Whatever is being used, between cell phones and the internet, people on the entire opposite side of the world can watch.
One positive affect that cell phones have on the world today is the case of emergency help. When there is a problem that needs to be accounted for right at that moment, a person can pick up their phone and call 911. It is something as simple as that. When there are emergencies, this is always the first thing done. Personally, we have never known anything but this concept. Emergency means call 911. In the future, we believe that technology will bring us even closer. This has a positive impact because it provides a way for emergencies to be noticed faster, and at the click of a few buttons/numbers. Another positive affect on globalization has got to be for personal and business issues and jobs. Without the internet and cell phones, many jobs would be unable to be done. Many people have something called a secretary in their offices these days, a secretary is the person who answers all of the phone calls and takes messages. They also check their emails and find important information about both their occupation and the customers they are taking care of. The internet is another way to find out news right away. On many popular home page settings, you can find out just about anything about the world that you’d like to. It is very interesting to be able to do this in the world we live in today. Without the internet it would be a very quiet place and people would not know as much. One negative affect that this has on our country has got to be the social aspect of things. Each person who has a cell phone is a little bit more antisocial than the past Americans. This can be a bad thing because people are so used to picking up their cell phone and not talking face to face that they freeze when it gets to that time. Interviews, orders, etc. all are places that face to face meetings are necessary. A person needs to be able to communicate with others through more than just a phone call or video chat on the internet. This is a bad thing because it is bringing our world to a place with less socialization and more independence. Independence is a good thing, but socializing will always be necessary no matter what is going on.
The tenth flattener is virtual, which means it can be done at high speeds. This can be done by anyone, at anytime, anywhere. Our flattener has become more and more popular throughout the 90’s to today. Newer and higher technological and electrical devices come out each year. Steroids are things that amplify all other flatteners; they can be digital, mobile, personal, and virtual. This flattener is the definition of technology and how it has become a huge part of society today. Without this flattener, many people would not know what to do with their time. Each flattener means a lot and has an importance, but we personally think this one’s purpose is very useful.
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.